Be Careful with Light and Heat
Light and heat can affect a colored gemstone’s durability and color. Over time, and in excess, they can also fade or damage some gemstones.
Keep Your Jewelry Away From Chemicals
Exposure to chemicals can damage or discolor precious metals – karat gold, silver, and platinum – and may harm some colored gems. Even everyday substances like hairspray, lotion, perfume or other cosmetics can contain chemicals that will permanently damage the surface of your porous gems (like opal, turquoise, and pearl). Fine jewelry should be removed before diving into a chlorinated swimming pool or before using household cleaners.
Safely Store Your Jewelry
Store your jewelry separately so it doesn’t scratch other jewelry. The best idea is to wrap pieces individually to keep them pristine. Remember diamonds, rubies, and sapphires can easily scratch other gems, metals and each other.
Prevent Fine Jewelry Loss & Repairs
Check for loosened stones with your index finger, gently tap the piece near your ear and listen for rattling. See your local jeweler at least 2-3 times a year to have your jewelry professionally cleaned, checked for loose prongs, worn mountings, general wear, and tear.
JEWELRY CLEANING TIPS
With proper care, your gold, sterling silver or platinum jewelry will last a lifetime. Rubbing the pieces you wear everyday with a soft chamois is an excellent – and easy – way to keep your jewelry sparkling.
For more intensive cleaning, soak your jewelry in a mix of warm water and dishwashing
soap for a few minutes. Then scrub it gently with a soft brush. Rinse and pat dry on a soft lint‐free cloth.
Gemstones & Diamonds
Gemstones and diamonds can easily be cleaned with warm water, mild dish soap, and a soft brush.
Soft gems, such as opal, emerald and pearl can easily scratch. Excessive heat (hot water) and sudden temperature changes may also fracture these gems. Opals, for instance, can turn white or brown, develop tiny cracks, and might lose their play-of-color.
Ultrasonic cleaners are great for easy cleaning jewelry, but be aware that they can damage some gemstones. Do not put emeralds, opals, pearls, or turquoise in an ultrasonic cleaner.